Impacts and Implications of The Forest Land Use Changes on The Customary Land Tenure and Livelihood Sources of The Local People a Case Study in Tering Customary Land Area, Kutai Barat District, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

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Gaudentius Simon Devung

Abstract

Changes in land use, including within or near forest lands, always have impacts on people’s livelihood. Whether the impacts be environmental or socio-economic, they are of similar importance from the perspective of forest governance and policies. This case study explored the impacts and implications of the forest land use changes on the customary land tenure and livelihood sources of the local people in Tering Customary Land Area. The results of the study show that since 1955 there have been quite a lot of forest land use changes, with most rooted in the government policies and development programs. The changes have increased complexity in the socio-structure of the tenure rights over the forest lands, and decreased the livelihood sources of the local people. Further impacts and implications of the increasing complexity in the socio-structure of the tenure rights and decreasing livelihood sources of the local people are succinctly elaborated in this article. Taking into account the negative impacts and implications of the forest land use changes on the customary land tenure and livelihood sources of the local people, this study recommends a critical review on prevailing government policies, rules and regulations concerning forest land use and tenure system so as to mitigate and avoid further negative impacts of the forest land use changes on the local people.

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