Main Article Content
The existence of Sungai Wain Protection Forest (SWPF) area so far has given various benefit beside its function as conserved forest. Farming practices with in the region can, in fact, contribute to households’ main income as well as their secondary income. However, uncontrolled farming practices may negatively affect the function of the forest ecosystem. This study aimed to determine the economic motivation of farming activity practiced by the local community and its impact on the adjoining forest ecosystem. The research was conducted in the region of SWPF, East Kalimantan province. Aprroximately 90 farmer householders with in the study area were chosen. The result of the study showed that higher motivation rate of farming activities affects the technique of farming, which in turn could cause increase in bare land. Results indicated that when a farming practice functions as main income for a certain household, the household has a tendency to grow seasonal crops. Such a situation will decrease the rate of soil quality. The application of agroforestry system within the region might be a solution for this existing problem.